Thechemicals in marijuana.
Theraputic benefits of marijuana.
and what is thc?
The theraputic benefits of marijuana lie in the naturally occuring chemicals in marijuana. The chemical compounds found in marijuana are known as cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are unique to the marijuana plant, meaning it is the only plant to produce the cannabinoid chemical bonds. The only other two existences of cannabinoids are in the science lab, where cannabinoids are isolated and synthetically produced, and as cannabinoid receptors, "Endocannabinoids" found in humans and animals.
At this point, there are over 60 unique cannabinoids recorded, however, about 99% of the chemicals in marijuana are non psychoactive (non mind altering) but give structure and functionality to the plant. The other 1% of the cannabinoids give the euphoric marijuana effect.
What is thc?
is the only
mind altering (psychoactive)
marijuana. Scientifically named Delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol.
Without THC, the marijuana effect does not exist.
The THC chemical interacts in the central nervous system with various cannabinoid receptors throughout the brain and body. These receptors are naturally occuring in the body, and when THC comes their way they trigger a euphoric brain response like none other. The higher % THC, the stronger the high.
Another form of THC is Delta-8-trans-tetrahydrocannibinol, which is only about 1% of the total existance of Delta-9.
THC and CBD
THC along with another cannabiniod in marijuana, Cannabidiol or CBD, have scientifically established pharmacological value.
The pharmacological health benefits of thc alone have established benefits such as increasing ones appetite, particularly in cancer and anorexia patients. It also has agents that suppress spasms, tremors, and inflamatory responses.
Cannabidiol is the cannabinoid in marijuana that balances the effects of the THC. CBD is a non psychoactive cannabinoid, however, it has established pharmacological value as well.
The health benefits of CBD are similar to that of THC minus the euphoria.
CBD is said to have agents that suppress convulsive, inflamatory, and psychotic responses. It is also an anti-oxident and is neuroprotective (protects from neuropathic disease).
The interaction between THC and CBD
The higher % THC, and lower % CBD, causes a more clear headed energetic marijuana effect.
The lower % THC, and higher % CBD, causes a slugish, drowsy, more stoney feeling of high.
High % THC, and high % CBD, produces a strong head and body high that is said to feel dreamlike.
Other chemicals in marijuana.
All other forms of cannabinoids exist in only small amounts, and only slightly alter the marijuana effect
Cannabinol, or CBN, is a cannabinoid in marijuana that exists as a result of degeneration; and oxidation of the buds. As the marijuana ages, and dries the chemical THC breaks down producing CBN.
CBN is non psychoactive, however it does effect the marijuana effect in large percentages. CBN is said to increase drowsiness, and the feeling of being "drugged up". The levels of CBN can be controlled by storing your marijunana properly.
Tetra-hydrocannabivarin, or THCV, increases the speed of delivery of the marijuana effect. A high % of THCV is said to make the high hit you faster.
However, generally the faster it comes the faster it goes.
Cannabicyclol, or CBL, is a cannabinoid product of the CBD's exposure to light, non psychoactive.
Cannabichromene, or CBC, assists in the marijuana effect. This is a short list of known cannabinoids, however, the rest are in need of more research before any conclusions are drawn.